The Seminar on the State and Capitalism since 1800
Ford Foundation Professor of International Political Economy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
- Bart Bonikowski – Associate Professor of Sociology, Harvard University; CES Resident Faculty
Populism may seem like it has come out of nowhere, but it has been on the rise for a while. I argue that economic history and economic theory both provide ample grounds for anticipating that advanced stages of economic globalization would produce a political backlash. While the backlash may have been predictable, the specific form it took was less so. I distinguish between left-wing and right-wing variants of populism, which differ with respect to the societal cleavages that populist politicians highlight. The first has been predominant in Latin America, and the second in Europe. I argue that these different reactions are related to the relative salience of different types of globalization shocks.
** Please note: Those planning to attend events in this series should read the paper that will be posted on the CES website before the seminar.**