The passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920 did not “give” women the vote. Rather, it established a negative: that the right to vote could not be abridged on account of sex alone. When the amendment passed, many women were already voting in states that allowed them to do so. Moreover, even after its passage, African Americans in the South remained disfranchised by race; some immigrant women were blocked from voting by national status; and many women in US territories overseas remained disfranchised by the ways the American empire bounded citizenship.
The Legal history workshop presents Arnulf Becker Loria (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Chile), “The Tawantisuyo invaded by demons: Inca interventions in Spanish colonial law.” Please email Jamie Grischkan at jgrischkan at law.harvard.edu if you wish to participate in this event.