How did the revolutionary age affect commercial circulations in a trans-imperial region such as the Caribbean? By examining the trade between the United States and the French Antilles – particularly Saint-Domingue – this paper shows that transnational networks of trade adapted to the ever-changing legal framework of that commerce. Yet these practices increasingly conflicted with the ambitions of the revolutionary states to control migrants’ mobility. If merchants negotiated their many legal identities with French, British, and American authorities, they incidentally increased international tensions in a context of imperial rivalries.
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